Termite Pictures

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Termite Pictures

Termites: A Visual Guide

Termite Pictures

The United States is home to about 50 species of termite, which is quite a low number when one considers that South America has 400 and Africa has at least 1,000 different species. There are three main types of termites: dampwood, drywood, and subterranean, examples of which are below.

Termite Pictures

Dampwood Termites

  • Pacific Dampwood Termite
  • Scientific name: Zootermopsis angusticollis
  • Quick facts:
    • Found in Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, HawaiiMexico, and British Columbia.
    • Colonies can contain up to 4,000 inhabitants
    • Colonies are usually found in the wood source, not in the ground. Places like felled timber, dead branches, and stumps are favorite locations of the Pacific Dampwood Termite.
  • Images:

dampwood termites termite pictures - termiteguide.com

  • Nevada Dampwood Termite
  • Scientific name: Zootermopsis nevadensis
  • Quick facts:
    • Found in mountainous areas of northern Nevada, Montana, and Idaho, as well as on the northern coast of Washington, California, and Oregon.
    • Pose less of a threat to houses than other species because the moisture content of residential buildings is not high enough.
  • Images:

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Drywood Termites

  • West Indian Drywood Termite
    • Scientific name: Cryptotermes brevis
    • Quick facts:
      • Found in Hawaii and along the Gulf Coast from Texas to Florida, as well as along the coastal regions of South Carolina and Georgia.
      • One of the most common species of drywood termite.
    • Images:
  • Dark Western Drywood Termite
    • Scientific name: Incisitermes minor
    • Quick facts:
      • Located all throughout the United States.
      • The most widespread and destructive drywood species in the western United States
    • Images: 

Screen Shot 2014-10-13 at 11.18.40 AM Screen Shot 2014-10-13 at 11.18.45 AM

 Subterranean Termites

  • Formosan Subterranean Termite
    • Scientific name: Coptotermes formosanus
    • Quick facts:
      • Heavily prevalent throughout the southern United States and Hawaii due to their preference for warm climates; however, they have been found near the Canadian border.
      • Formosan soldiers release a white liquid when threatened by predators.
    • Images:
  • Eastern Subterranean Termite
    • Scientific name: Reticulitermes flavipes
    • Quick facts:
      • The most common termite in North America.
      • Along with another species, Reticulitermes virginica, it accounts for 80% of the $2.2 billion in termite damage that the United States faces annually.
    • Images:

Screen Shot 2014-10-13 at 11.20.28 AM termite queentermite soldier

Pictures of Termite Handiwork

Termites are not particularly stealthy animals; in fact, they leave behind a lot of evidence of their actions The reason many people do not pick up on their presence is mainly due to the size of said evidence and the fact that a lot of homeowners do not recognize the remnants of termite activity as belonging to termites. When it comes to termite detection, there are several things for which you should look.

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Termite Tunnels

Not every termite species creates tunnels, but many, if not most, do, so it is still a very reliable means of termite detection, even if it cannot alert you to the presence of every species possible.


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Another word for “frass” is “termite droppings,” so that is what you are looking for: termite excrement. Now, one might think that with an animal that small, detecting their waste would be nearly impossible, but don’t worry: termites are kind enough to leave their feces in large piles, making it very easy to spot. Termite droppings are pellets, resemble sandpaper or coffee particles, and can come in a variety of colors:



Wings on the Window Sill

After flying termites (alates) mate, their wings fall off their bodies. One indicator of a possible infestation is the accumulation of termite wings in the interior of your house, typically on the window sills.



Half-Eaten Wood or Cardboard

If you happen to have pieces of wood or cardboard lying directly on the ground and notice that it looks like something tiny has tunneled through it or simply devoured it, you will definitely want to check for termites.

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Here are the Best Termite Spray Products  and Article about DIY Pest Control



Arizona Termites of Economic Importance. Available from: http://extension.arizona.edu/sites/extension.arizona.edu/files/pubs/az1369.pdf. (Accessed 8 October 2014).

County of Los Angeles, Pacific Dampwood Termite (Zootermopsis angusticollis).

Entnemdept.ufl.edu, West Indian drywood termite. Available from: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/urban/termites/west_indian_drywood_termite.htm. (Accessed 8 October 2014).

Messenger, Matthew T, The Termite Species of Louisiana: An Identification Guide. Available from: http://www.nola.gov/mosquito/documents/termite-id-guide/. (Accessed 8 October 2014).

Npic.orst.edu, Termites. Available from: http://npic.orst.edu/pest/termite.html. (Accessed 8 October 2014).

Orkin.com, Formosan Termites. Available from: http://www.orkin.com/termites/formosan-termites/. (Accessed 8 October 2014).

Piper, Ross. Pests: A Guide to the World’s Most Maligned, yet Misunderstood Creatures. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2011.

Termites.com, Nevada dampwood termite. Available from: http://www.termites.com/types-of-termites/nevada-dampwood-termite/.

Termites.com, Types of Termites. Available from: http://www.termites.com/types-of-termites/. (Accessed 8 October 2014).

Termitesgonewild.com (2009) Dampwood Termites. Available from: http://www.termitesgonewild.com/termite-species/dampwood-termites/. (Accessed 8 October 2014).

Wikipedia.org, Easter subterranean termite. Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_subterranean_termite. (Accessed 8 October 2014).